If security is the activity that prevents damage from criminals, cybersecurity does the same in the digital environment. See below what cybersecurity is and what is its importance and effective examples of action. The concept covers both individual and private protection activities, information exchange servers and databases that can be defrauded in companies.
Forming the concept of cybersecurity
Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks and programs from digital attacks. These cyber attacks are often aimed at accessing, altering or destroying confidential information; extort money from users; or disrupt normal business processes.
As the term refers to a range of best practices and sectors to be protected, it is possible to identify the main points of protection, where attacks are usually frequent.
- Network security: Network security is the practice of protecting a computer network from intruders, whether they are targeted attackers or opportunistic malware ;
- Application or Application Security: Focuses on keeping software and devices free from threats. A compromised application can provide access to the data it was designed to protect. Successful security starts at the designstage , long before a program or device is deployed;
- Information security: protects the integrity and privacy of data, both in storage and in transit;
- Operational security: includes the processes and decisions to handle and protect data assets. The permissions users have when accessing a network and the procedures that determine how and where data can be stored or shared are all under this umbrella;
- Intrusion Recovery and Business Continuity: Define how an organization responds to a cybersecurity incident or any other event that causes the loss of operations or data. Disaster recovery policies determine how the organization restores its operations and information to return to the same operational capability as before the event. Business continuity is the plan that the organization follows while trying to operate without certain resources;
- User education: Addresses the most unpredictable cybersecurity factor, people. Anyone can accidentally introduce a virus into a secure system by failing to follow good security practices. Teaching users to delete suspicious email attachments, not to plug in unidentified USB drives, and several other important lessons is vital to any organization’s security.